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什么是ICO众筹?

我们对IPO不陌生,但是什么是ICO众筹呢?其实到现在也没有标准定义,下面来自知乎的文章如下:

ICO的定义:

ICO是Initial Coin Offering的简称。ICO是国际上数字货币/区块链社区的产物,至今为止没有一个正式的官方或者?#23454;?#23450;义。

“ICO改编自证券界的Initial Public Offering(首次公开发行)一词。就本质上而言,ICO也是一种‘公开发行’,只是把所发行的标的物由证券变成了数字加密货币。”

——世泽律师事务所合伙人 孙铭律师


ICO的来由:

所有成功的数字货币以及区块链(本文区块链指“区块链公有链?#20445;?#39033;目无一不是社区项目。常见的ICO里,数字货币和区块链项目向早期爱好者出售项目代币。项目团队通过ICO获取?#38469;?#24320;发和市场拓展资金;而项目爱好者通过ICO支持项目,同时也可在对应代币进入交?#36164;?#22330;后选择交易退出。



ICO和比特币的关系:

可查的首个ICO来自于Mastercoin项目(现已更名为Omni),其在13年7月时在BiTCOintalk(最大的比特币和数字货币社区论坛)上宣布通过比特币进行ICO众筹,并生成对应的Mastercoin代?#20063;?#20998;发给到众筹参与者。本质上来说这次ICO是一种以物换物的行为,即参与者用比特币换得Mastercoin项目里的代币。一开始ICO只是数字货币爱好者的一种社区行为,随着数字货币以及区块链的不断发展开始被越来越多人接受并参与。绝大部分ICO都是通过比特币或其他数字货币进行的。




几个著名的ICO案例:

以下按照时间顺序,列出有代表性的国际ICO案例:

- 2013年7月,Mastercoin(现更名为Omni):可查的最早ICO项目,通过meta-protocol拓展比特币功能,?#25216;?000 BTC。

- 2013年12月,NXT(未来币):首个完整的PoS区块链,曾经神秘的开发者,?#20013;?#21457;展的?#30475;?#31038;区。ICO神话:?#25216;?1 BTC(是的你没看错,21BTC,约等于当时6000美元),市值峰值曾到达过1亿美元。

- 2013年-2014年,Bitshares(比特股:曾经的“数字?#20160;?#20108;代币三剑客”之一(另外两个为NXT和CounterParty),国内数字货币界口水之源,毁誉参半。其社区培养了国内大量早期ICO以及数字?#20160;?#29233;好者。

- 2014年7月,ETHereum(以太坊:ICO时?#25216;?万余个比特币曾创下纪录。将智能合约理念推进到极致的区块链项目,让全世界重新认识区块链公有链的项目。近两年最成功的ICO,也是至今为止除比特币以外市值最高的数字货币/区块链项目。近期由于TheDAO?#24405;?#24433;响晴雨不定。

- 2015年3月,Factom公正通:双代币设计,首提存在性证明的区块链商业化以及由此导出的基金会与公司双机?#32929;?#32622;。

- 2016年3月,Lisk:以太坊挑战者,利用侧链的Dapp解决方案。

- 2016年5月,TheDAO:等值1.5亿美元破世界纪录的ICO众筹,非典型ICO(其本身不是区块链)。向世界大声宣告智能合约时代到来后一个?#24405;?#34987;黑客攻克,在历史上刻下了深深的双重惊叹号。



ICO的专业网站:

ICO发自社区来自市场。如果你有耐心且懂得科学上网的话,可以在Bitcointalk上找到专区和项目,那里是所有数字货币和区块链ICO的大本营。你也可以在以下三个网站找到经过筛选的ICO项目:

- Cyber.fund

- Smithandcrown.com

- Icocountdown.com


以上来自小蚁博客关于ICO的介绍片段,完整版详见:

小蚁Blog

陶荣祺:关于ICO这里有你想知道的一切


国内另一篇关于ICO的分析,非常专业:

ICO市场的法律分析(一) ChainB.com

作者:陶荣祺
链接:https://www.zhihu.com/question/48695395/answer/112186624
来源:知乎
著作权归作者所有。商业转载请联系作者获得授权,非商业转载请注明出处。

发表评论

  1. Mike
    ICO有风险,投资需谨慎
    2017-07-13 21:28:30 回复

◎?#38431;?#21442;与讨论,请在这里发表您的看法、交流您的观点。

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河南快三开奖
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